Africa ! The fascinating animal wealth is an invaluable asset of the black continent. Hundreds of different mammals and countless species of birds live here. Therefore, every year many visitors come to the national parks and protected areas. Of course one is able to get knowledge by books and films about the African animal world. But it is and remains an overwhelming feeling to be in the midst of the unique sceneries, where one can experience the animals in the nature very closely. Nevertheless, completely on top on the wish list of the safari guests are the famous big Five: Elephant, lion, buffalo, leopard and rhinoceros. One is in search of the Big Five.// Every national park in Africa can count itself happy if he has the “Big Five” on offer: They are big, wild and promise a little nervous tickle. The tourists tear themselves to shoot a photo of the public magnets of the parks. Nevertheless, the concept comes from a time when still with completely different ammunition was shot. For the big game hunters of 19th and early 20th century these five animals were the heaviest to hunt. When the hunt was not yet undertaken by jeeps or helicopters, it was very dangerous. Every hunter still wanted to bring one or several trophies at home. With the elephants these were the tusks, with the rhinoceroses the horn, with the buffaloes the head with the big horns. The skin of lions and leopards should be preserved as completely as possible. Hundreds of thousands of animals fell victim to the trophy obsession of the big game hunters in Africa and brought some kinds to the edge of the eradication. Even important figures like Ernest Hemingway swarmed about the hunt on these valuable creatures from the african animal world. Thus the concept “Big Five” developed in the colonial age. Though the hunting fever may be coined even today always in us, but the weapons are exchanged for cameras. Every shot brings nice photos for a recollection of unique experiences. The animals have to fear thus nothing more. Today tourists come as nature lovers and animal friends carefully by car to the national parks without convey the impression of a battue. The Big Five have become a sort of photo safari myth. Today every serious safari company advertises with this concept to arouse enthusiasm to the big adventure in the african wilderness. Indeed, one needs a lot of patience and perseverance to find them. One sees the animals not every day and sometimes only in big distance. Always one should think that the animals have their own life and are not there for our pleasure. Who concentrates too much for the big Five, probably no feeling can develop for the fascinating landscapes of Africa or many other interesting animal species. Each of the Big Five is unique for himself absolutely, majestic and admirable. But also giraffes, zebras, antelopes, warthogs and the countless kinds of birds have earned our attention. All of them are worth to be protected.