No animal of the African wilderness is as misjudged in his danger as the buffalo. Hence, in the past more people have come to death by buffaloes than by lions or other predators. On Safaris the colossi are as a rule very peaceful. Only if her calves are attacked or the buffaloes feel forced into a corner, they sit down to the weir- then, however, in an extremely aggressive kind. Buffaloes live in small groups on from 3 to 10 animals. However, they also meet to big herds from up to 2000 buffaloes. Both genders carry horns. The bulls owe her typical appearance to the so-called helmet, an osseous sign which mounts on the head and connects both horns with each other. At the cows the horns are built more elegantly and grow at the side from the skull. Leading animal of the family herd is always a cow. Older bulls more often live also alone or move in small groups by the pasture areas. The calves have a thick dark fur at birth. However, in the course of the time the fur becomes scantier and old animals are almost naked at the end of her life. The animals have adapted to a wide variety of habitats throughout the centuries. One finds them just in the thick rain forest like in the open Savannah. However, the buffaloes mostly feel fine, where is an all year round good offer of water, food and protecting thicket. Grass, herbs and foliage belongs to her food. Also hard reed is not disdained by the animals. Buffaloes are accompanied constantly by two kinds of birds. Cattle egrets look on the ground for insects who were startled by the buffaloes. On the bodies of the animals oxpeckers romp. They free the buffaloes from all kinds of pesky insects and, are thereby more or less tolerated. The buffalo was nearly exterminated by excessive hunt at the beginning of the 20th century. Thanks to the establishment of national parks, the stock was able to recover. The buffalo has other natural enemies hardly, except these: Lions.