In the jungles of Borneo, live one group
of animals.. .. more bizarre and diverse than any other. Borneo is home to an amazing array of
weird and wonderful bugs and beasties. They might not be as large as elephants
or famous as orangutans. The insects are critical to the ecosystem, propping up
the food chain and shaping their environment. Plus, up close, they look amazing. Borneo is one of the world’s insect hotspot. With as many as a
thousand species found on just one tree. Tonight I’m with DGFC’s resident bug
boffin Jack and we’re on a mission to.. ..find some of the jungles craziest creepy
crawlies. My name is Jack Devlin and I’m from Wales. The reason why I decided to
study bugs.. ..it was the incredible alien nature of
them really, it’s a whole new world. It’s incredibly important that insects are
studied and appreciated because without them.. a forest can’t evolve. A little things are just as important as the megafauna. Danau Girang is such a special place.. ..given that there’s so so many insect
species and predictions have said there’s up to five million more left to
discover. This would be the place that.. you’d find some more species definitely. -How does this thing work? -It’s quite simple really. It’s just a nice plain white sheet and
behind it we’ll put a mercury ball which.. ..is special kind of bulb which doesn’t
give off any heat but a lot of light and what we’re going to do is draw the bugs
in from the forest and have them collect on the sheet so it gives us an amazing
opportunity to see some of the more freaky nocturnal bugs we have here. – Jack, I’ve had an idea. – Well, give it an hour or so.. .. to really settle in and draw the bugs
in so we’ll go for a wander and see what ..we get when we come back. – Good stuff. -So, I’ve got a bit of a trick, we have a.. ..Malaysian forest scorpion in here. Now this is a little UV torch here.. ..so if we turn our headlights off,
and we turn this little thing on.. you should be able to get the scorpion. – That is incredible. It’s not just scorpions that fluoresce,
our teeth do to.. ..and is also used in banknotes for security. It’s thought that
scorpions fluoresce to protect themselves. A substance in their
exoskeleton causes them to glow under UV light. If they glow too bright they’ll
stay hidden, keeping them safe than waiting predators. So this is one of the
largest species we have here in Borneo. Not entirely venomous, to us anyway. But It’s enough for her to take down large insects, small
reptiles, things like that. – And the fact that she’s right next to the center,
is that alright? -None to worry about. They are lovely species, really. – She’s beautiful. But Jack tells me that glow in the dark scorpions.. ..aren’t the weirdest thing we might find
in the forest at night. Jack, this is awesome. It’s like a night safari but for bugs.
– Exactly. -What is that? But even after all these creepy-crawlies,
Jack has managed to save.. ..the best until last.
-So just in here we’ve got a tarantula.. ..who’s just had spiderlings and they’re
really small probably in their first instar and spiders, a lot of them show
maternal instinct which means she’ll guard these for up to 1 month after
they’ve hatched, so there must be at least over 10 in there. The female, she would
have hidden down into the bottom now but.. those are all little tiny spiderlings.
-This is the coolest thing I’ve seen in.. ..the jungle. That is..they’re moving! Cool thing is they as well have an instinct to stay in..
– but that’s good! That’s a very good thing. I’ve got an instinct to.. stay away from the nest.
-That’s also probably a smart idea. – You think? – Alright, alright, enjoy. See you later!
-Okay, bye Bertie. -Jack, bugs are awesome and.. ..now I can see why you study them. After our walk full of
the most unusual creatures Borneo has to offer.. ..it’s back to our light trap to
check on our findings. -So here we have a really cool species of moth. To me it looks like a moon moth. So this moth don’t have any mouth part,
so when they emerge from their chrysalis they have that two weeks to find a mate and pass
on their genes and then that’s it. They starve to death.
So a bit morose. -Brutal.
It’s stunning though. -Absolutely gorgeous. What else have we got? -Dragonfly!
-Oh amazing! Nice, we’ve got a moth coming in. – Um, let me just grab a tub. Well done mate like, a ninja. So this is one of the larger
hawk moth species we have here. I’m not entirely sure what this species is so we’ll take it into the lab and use our identification
books and see what it is ! Amazing
-Cool. Let’s do it. So, good start Bertie. All these are the books you want..
-Wow And these are all about moths? There are hundreds and hundreds of different species of moths here.. ..and each of these books is about the different families. So we might be here for sometime. -Well thank you, Jack. You’ve shown me a side to Borneo
that I never knew existed. Can I go to bed now? – No, unfortunately.
You have got quite a lot of things to do. I’ll leave you to it. Bye, Bertie. – Jack’s knowledge and enthusiasm highlights
how important insects are to Borneo’s ecosystem. This forest is incredibly
diverse and rich in bug life. From the weird to the wonderful
and the downright terrifying. And now, if you’ll excuse me.. I have a long night ahead of me.